Native American tribes populate the area: Illinois, Miami, Potawatomie, Ojibwa, Menominee, Ho-Chunk
They name it Shikaakwa, an Algonquin word which roughly translates to "stinking onion" due to the marshy wetland conditions and smell of wild onion plants.
“In Fourteen Hundred and Ninety-Two, Columbus sailed the ocean blue”
Christopher Columbus discovers a new land which he mistakes for Asia, based on the accounts of the explorer Marco Polo. He thinks he has landed in India and he calls the native peoples he finds there, Indians.
Amerigo Vespucci, an Italian explorer, sailed to Brazil and observed that the land and coast was much longer than anticipated. From this he surmised that his own observation of Brazil and Christopher Columbus’ discovery was not India or Asia but an entirely separate continent, a new world, the fourth continent after Europe, Asia, and Africa.
Cartographer, Martin Waldseemueller, drew a world map where he named the new continent America, after Amerigo Vespucci.
Native American tribes have established hunting and fishing villages and trade with other tribes down the river
France claims the territory and establishes international fur trade
The Mayflower lands in Cape Cod after a 66 day voyage from Plymouth, England. September 6 - November 9
The Company of New France is established in Montreal on the St. Lawrence River to export furs from the new world territories back to France
Father Jacques Marquette and French-Canadian fur-trader Louis Joliet explore the rivers and map what is called The Northwest Territory in attempt for France to find the Northwest passage across the continent to the Orient, and to convert the natives to Christianity. Joliet noted that at the Chicago Portage a canal could be constructed to link the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River.
French settler and explorer, Rene-Robert Caveiler de La Salle, in search of a route to China, mapped the Ohio River to the Mississippi River all the way to the Gulf of Mexico and named the whole area Louisiana for his King, Louis XIV of France, in 1682. (Note: this is not the same La Salle, during the same timeframe, for whom Catholic Schools are named. Schools are named for Jean-Baptist de La Salle, the patron saint of teachers)
Chicago is a center for the fur-trade
The Potowatami tribe, allied with France, displaces other tribes in the area
Most of the middle of the continent and the area along the Mississippi River is claimed as New France
Mount Gay rum established in Barbados
The Upper Louisiana Territory / Illinois country and French Canada is a French Colony, as is Lower Louisiana / to the Gulf Coast
France secretly gives Louisiana to Spain, Treaty of Fontainebleau 1762 at the end of the French Indian War
The Seven Year War in Europe and colonies around the world (French Indian War - British Colonies vs New France, both with native tribes as allies) France (allied with Spain) is defeated by Great Britain. The Treaty of Paris 1763, France relinquishes its claims the Upper Louisiana territories east of the Mississippi and in Canada except for New Orleans, to Britain. Britain takes Spanish Florida. Spain keeps Cuba and the Philipines, and gets Upper Louisiana west of the Mississippi from France.
The Boston Tea Party. December 16
American Revolutionary War begins; the American colonies seek independence from Britain.
The American Declaration of Independence from Britain
Jean Baptiste Point DuSable married Kitihawa (Catherine), a Potawatami woman in Illinois
American Revolutionary War ends with the signing of the Treaty of Paris 1783, and acknowledges the sovereignty of the United States
Treaty of Paris, September 3, 1783, the United States gains control of territory from the British; the area west to the Mississippi River and North to Canada, except Florida which was a colony of Spain.
US Congress passes the Land Ordinance of 1785. Western territories were surveyed and parcels sold to pay off the national debt. An area was divided into square lots; this was the origin of the street grid system in many newer cities.
The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 establishes federal governance of Northwest Territory and outlines the requirements to divide the area into new states. The area roughly encompasses what today are the Great Lakes states (Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Wisconsin, and parts of Minnesota) east of the Mississippi River and Northwest of the Ohio River.
Jean Baptiste Ponte DuSable settles the north bank of the Chicago River on the shores of Lake Michigan (Date could be as early as 1779).
George Washington, President. 1789-1797
The Hatian Revolution begins. (1791-1804) Haiti wins independence from colonial France.
The French Revolutionary Wars (1792-1803) France vs. Great Britiain
The French Monarchy is overthrown with the beheading of King Louis XVI.
The Greenville Treaty, ended disputes and defined the boundary between a Federation of Native American tribes led by Miami Chief Little Turtle and the US. This included much of Ohio and various lands north of the Ohio River including a parcel at the mouth of the Chicago River.
John Adams, President. 1797-1801
Napoleon Bonaparte comes to power in France.
DuSable sold his house and farm in Chicago and moved his family to Missouri.
Thomas Jefferson, President 1801-1809
The original Fort Dearborn is built on the south bank of the Chicago River on the shores of Lake Michigan. It was built by Captain John Whistler and named for Henry Dearborn, the US Secretary of War under President Thomas Jefferson.
Transfer of land in Louisiana Purchase from (Napoleon) France to (Thomas Jefferson) US. Land from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains.
The Napoleonic Wars begin between France and other countries in Europe. 1803-1815
John Kinzie, Fur-trader from Quebec, purchases house and land previously built and owned by DuSable.
Lewis and Clark Expedition from St. Louis to Pacific Northwest, commissiond by President Thomas Jefferson. 1804-1806
Haiti wins independence from colonial France. Haitian Revolution 1791-1804
The American Fur Company was started in New York by John Jacob Astor
James Madison President 1809-1817
The war of 1812 between Britain and the United States (1812-1815). Concurrently Britain was amid the Napoleonic Wars with France (1803-1815).
The Fort Dearborn massacre
John Kinzie and family were given safe passage to Detroit by the Potawatami tribe and were spared the Fort Dearborn massacre
Napoleon abdicates after the Battle of Waterloo. June 22
John Kinzie returns to Chicago and occupies the house again
The second Fort Dearborn is built.
James Monroe, President. 1817-1825
Construction begins on the Erie Canal (1817-1825)
Illinois becomes the 21st State.
Jean Baptiste Point DuSable died in St. Charles , MO. August 28
US Congress makes land grant to Illinois for the construction of the Illinois Michigan Canal to link the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River.
The fur trade dwindles due to overtrapping and reduced animal populations
Opening of the Erie Canal which connected the Atlantic Ocean through New York City to the Great Lakes.
Mark Beaubien establishes the Sauganash Tavern (bar, restaurant, and hotel), located at Wolf Point. 1825
John Quincy Adams, President. 1825-1829
Andrew Jackson, President 1829-1837
The state of Illinois begins to survey Chicago for a canal to link the rivers to the Great Lakes.
Congress passes the Indian Removal Act.
The 1830 survey plat map for the Chicago end of the I&M Canal is drawn up into 58 square blocks with service alleys.
The first land lots were sold to finance the I&M Canal. September 4, 1830
The Black Hawk War ends, the last battle with native americans in the Chicago area. April - July
The Town of Chicago is established August 12, 1833
Chicago population = 350.
Chicago Treaty of 1833 pushes Native American tribes westward
First Chicago newspaper published, the Chicago Weekly Democrat
Baubien, founder of the Sauganash Tavern, becomes the lighthouse keeper.
Construction of the Illinois Michigan Canal begins, connects the Chicago River at Bridgeport to the Illinois River at LaSalle-Peru.
The City of Chicago is incorporated March 4, 1837
William B. Ogden elected as Chicago's first mayor on May 2, 1837-1838
Martin VanBuren, President 1837-1841
Chicago population = 4000.
At the time of the incorporation Chicago's city boundaries were: east to the lake, north to North Avenue, south to 22nd Street, west to Wood Street.
US Financial Crisis deflation and unemployment for 7 years, until 1844. May 10, 1837 New York bank crisis, led to bank failures.
Chicago's first business license issued - C.D. Peacock Jewelers
Chicago's first theater company
Chicago population approximately 4,400
William Henry Harrison, President. 1841
James Tyler, President. 1841-1845
The Potato Famine in Ireland, 1845-1851, spurs Irish emigration.
James Polk, President. 1845-1849
Construction completed of I&M Canal. It begins commercial and passenger traffic.
Chicago's first telegraph
California gold rush begins when gold flakes found in Sutters Mill
Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT) established, 1848. trades commodities.
Zachary Taylor, President. 1849-1850
California Gold Rush 1849-1855
Millard Fillmore, President. 1850-1853
Chicago population approximately 30,000
The Studebaker Brothers of South Bend, Indiana began producing wagons for transportation
Franklin Pierce, President. 1853-1857
Chicago is the world's largest grain port
Chicago population 30,000; up from 4000 in 1837
Lager Beer Riot, April 21, 1855
Levi Day Boone, mayor 1855-1856
James Buchanan, President. 1857-1861
The Lincoln-Douglas debates states rights with regard to slavery
Silver Rush begins with discovery at Comstock Lode
The first commercial oil well was drilled. Titusville, Pennsylvania by Colonel Edwin Drake
Abraham Lincoln in nominated in Chicago for President of the United States. May 18, 1860
Abraham Lincoln wins the Presidential election. November 6, 1860
Southern states began seceding from the Union and formed the Confederate States of America
Chicago population approximately 112,000
Abraham Lincoln is inaugurated as President. March 4, 1861
American Civil War begins
Abraham Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation which frees more than 3-million slaves
Construction begins on the Transcontinental Railroad 1863
Abraham Lincoln makes Thanksgiving a national holiday, originally designated as the last Thursday in November.
American Civil War ends
President Abraham Lincoln is assassinated, April 14, 1865
Andrew Johnson, President 1865-1969
Abraham Lincoln's funeral train and procession in Chicago. May 1865
Edward P. Brennan was born in Chicago
The Pullman Company is established.
The Eight-hour workday movement stages protests in Chicago on May 1, 1867 which are quickly put down.
Lincoln Park Zoo was founded
Transcontinental Railroad opens 1869
The Suez Canal opens 1869
Ulysses S. Grant, President 1869-1877
Riverside, the first planned suburb in the United States, was drafted by Frederick Law Olmstead, landscape architect, with meandering streets (no grid) and no alleys. 1869
Standard Oil Company founded by John D. Rockefeller. 1870
Approximate start of “The Guilded Age” in the United States 1870s-1900
The I&M Canal pays off its debts and also begins using steam powered boats instead of mules
The Palmer House Hotel opens. September 26, 1871
Chicago population = 300,000+
Mayor Roswell B. Mason
The Great Peshtigo Forest Fire, Wisconsin claimed 1200 lives and 1.2 million acres. October 8, 1871
Lt General Philip H. Sheridan assigned command of state and federal troops to restore order after the Great Chicago Fire. October 10, 1871.
Joseph Medill, mayor 1871-1873
Lord & Thomas advertising agency is founded in Chicago, 1873. It became FCB in 1942.
Panic of 1873 financial crisis and stock market crash in Europe and bank failures in the US
Chicago Yacht Club established 1875
First steel mill in Chicago 1875
National Railroad Strike. July 1877.
Rutherford B. Hayes, President. 1877-1881
Chicago population approximately 500,000
Founding of architecture firm Holabird & Simons, now known as Holabird & Root
France breaks ground to build the first Panama Canal at sea level, but gives up later after years of fighting tropical disease and hardship (1880-1888)
Pullman Town opens; a planned community for Pullman Company employees.
The Pritzker Family settles in Chicago, from Kiev. 1881.
James Garfield, President. 1881
Chester A. Arthur, President 1881-1885
Peter J. McGuire, United Brotherhood of Carpenters proposes Labor Day holiday, September 5th (about equal distance between 4th of July and Thanksgiving holidays - adopted by the Knights of Labor in 1884.
Carter Henry Harrison III, mayor 1879-1887
The General Time Convention declares the Standard Time system which establishes 4 time zones across the continental United States. October 11
"The day of two noons" Standard Time is implemented by the railroad system across the country. November 18
The Knights of Labor adopt the Labor Day holiday. It does not become a national holiday until 1894
The Studebaker Carriage Company Building, factory and showroom was built on Michigan Boulevard
Cholera, Typhus, and Disentary outbreak due to polluted water, heavy rainwater spilling sewage into lake.
The world's first modern skyscraper was built on LaSalle and Adams street. A 10-story, steel frame, fireproof construction designed by William LeBaron Jenney.
Grover Cleveland, President. 1885-1889
A growing number of labor strikes and planned protests demanding an 8-hour work day. May 1-3
Haymarket Riot. May 4, 1886
Four men were hanged for their involvement in the Haymarket Riots, November 11, 1887.
Hull-House, Jane Addams and Ellen Gates Starr, Settlement House Movement. September 18 , 1889.
Sister Frances Xavier Cabrini arrives in New York to begin her missionary work for immigrants.
John A. Roche, mayor 1887-1889
DeWitt Clinton Cregier, mayor 1889-1891
Benjamin Harrison, President 1889-1893
The Auditorium Theater opens and becomes the tallest building in Chicago. 1889
Creation of the Sanitary District of Chicago, May 29, 1889; now called the Metropolitan Water Reclamation District of Greater Chicago.
The City of Chicago annexed surrounding towns: Hyde Park, Lake View, Jefferson, and Lake
The University of Chicago is established with a donation from John D. Rockefeller
Chicago Population exceeds 1 million.
The Chicago Chapter of Daughters of the American Revolution was established. March 20, 1891.
Sanitary District of Chicago begins digging 3 canals which will reverse the flow of the Chicago River and protect the city's water supply.
The first elevated train "L" line was completed and connected the Jackson Park, Columbian Exposition site, to downtown
The first University of Chicago classes are held in Hyde Park
The World's Fair "The Columbian Exhibition" takes place in Chicago, May 1 - October 30 and is attended by 27.5M people
Illinois Governor John Peter Altgeld pardons 3 men imprisoned as a result of the Haymarket Riot, June 26
Hempstead Washburne, mayor 1891-1893
Carter Henry Harrison III, mayor 1893. Murdered October 28, the night before the end of the World Fair.
George Bell Swift, mayor 1893
John Patrick Hopkins, mayor 1893-1895
Grover Cleveland, President 1893-1897 (second term)
Two more "L" train lines are completed
Panic of 1893 financial crisis spurred by crop failures and a run on gold
Pullman Strike, May 11, 1894; 4000 workers leave Pullman manufacturing plant; June 1894 nationwide boycott of Pullman Cars by American Railway Union (ARU); July 1894 federal injunction and soldiers ended strike; ARU president, Eugene Victor Debs, imprisoned for violating injunction.
President Grover Cleveland makes Labor Day a National Holiday, the first Monday in September
The "White City" remaining buildings of the Columbian Exhibition catch fire and burn down February and July 1894
Douglas Park establishes Chicago's first park outdoor swimming pool
Catherine O’Leary dies. 1895
Douglas Park opened a double ring racetrack. 1896-1905.
William McKinley, President. 1897-1901
Pullman Town to be sold by order of the federal government.
Studebaker Building converted into artist studios and becomes the Fine Arts Building
Completion of the Sanitary and Ship Canal, which empties into the Des Plaines River and replaces the I&M Canal.
Dam to the sanitation canal is blown up - reversing the flow of the Chicago River. January 2
The Wonderful Wizard of Oz by L. Frank Baum is published in Chicago
Chicago population in 1900 was approximately 1.7 million; >75% immigrants (34%) or first generation, mostly from Europe.
The street rationalization plan is proposed
Theodore Roosevelt, President. 1901-1909
Studebaker introduces its first motor powered car, it has an electric motor
Carter Henry Harrison IV, mayor 1897-1905
Ford Motor Company incorporated in 1903
Wright Brothers successful flights of a heavier-than-air powered aircraft. December 17, 1903
Iroquois Theater Fire, 602 died. December 30
Construction of the Panama Canal begins (1903-1914)
The White City Amusement Park opens near 63rd Street in Hyde Park (1905-1934), parts remain open until the 1950s.
Upton Sinclair published "The Jungle."
Edward F. Dunne, mayor 1905-1907
The "Local Option" allowing districts to restrict or prohibit alcohol by Illinois state law
Fred A Busse, mayor 1907-1911
The Ford Model-T car introduced, October 1908
The Garfield Park Conservatory opened
The NAACP, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, founders include: W. E. B. Du Bois, Ida B. Wells-Barnett, and Mary Church Terrell, February 12
Burnham Plan of 1909 redesigns the City and includes multi-level streets
William Howard Taft, President. 1901-1913
Union Stockyard fire of 1910 at 44th and Loomis kills 21 firefighters and is the greatest loss of firefighters in US history. December 22
Chicago population approximately 2.2 million.
Standard Oil Company monopoly broken up by US anti-trust laws
The 4 independent "L" train lines to and around the loop were unified under the Chicago Elevated Railways Collateral Trust (CER). 1911
The renumbering of Chicago's streets is completed. April 1, 1911
The RMS Titanic sank in the Atlantic Ocean en route to New York City from Southampton, England. April 14
The Greater North Michigan Avenue Association is established. (originally the North Central Business District Association)
Statue in honor of Goethe "Mastermind of the German People" dedicated in Lincoln Park
Woodrow Wilson, President 1913-1921
World War I, August 1914 - 1918
Wrigley Field built. 1914
Panama Canal construction completed (1903-1914), 48 miles linking the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean
William Hale Thompson, mayor 1915-1923
The Eastland Disaster - steamboat capsizes on Chicago River, killing 844. July 24, 1915.
Navy Pier, originally called Municipal Pier, opens to the public
Carl Sandberg publishes the poem Chicago, where he describes it as the "City of the Big Shoulders."
Amelia Earhart graduates from Hyde Park Academy in Chicago
City of Chicago adopts the 6-point stars and stripes design April 4, 1917
Unites States joins the allies and enters World War I, April 6, 1917
Lions Club International is founded in Chicago by Melvin Jones, June 7, 1917
Mother Cabrini dies at Columbus Hospital, Chicago. December 22, 1917
Congress passes The Standard Time Act which divides the country into 4 time zones. March 19
World War I ends November 1918, commemorated as Armistice Day 11th hour, of the 11th day, of the 11th month.
Influenza Pandemic 1918-1919
The Association Against the Prohibition Amendment is founded by William Stayton; 1918. It ran publicity campaigns in 1928 to call for the repeal of prohibition.
Total solar eclipse passes across the United States
Wingfoot Express blimp catches fire over downtown Chicago and crashes through roof of Illinois Trust and Saving Bank. July 21, 1919
Race Riots across US "Red Summer," some of the worst were in Chicago. July 27, 1919. Three days, 38 dead.
Prohibition ratified across the United States January 1919, went into effect January 1920, repealed in December 1933
Al Capone moves to Chicago from Brooklyn (approximate year)
The Chicago Butter and Egg Board estabished 1919; later known as the Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME)
Approval for the planning of Municipal Grant Park Stadium (Soldier Field) was granted and architects Holabird & Roche selected
Prohibition enforcement begins January 16, 1920
Chicago population approximately 2.7 million.
The Drake Hotel opens
Warren Harding, President. 1921-1923
Former US President Howard Taft is sworn in as Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court. July 11
The first Miss America Pageant is held. September 1921 in Atlantic City
The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier is dedicated at Arlington National Cemetery. November 11
Bessie Coleman becomes the first African American woman to stage a public flight in the United States
Construction begins on Yankee Stadium in the Bronx. May 5. It opens April 18, 1923
Molly Pitcher Club, a women’s anti-prohibition group 1922 opposed the regulation of personal habits
The Union of Soviet Social Republics (USSR) is established. December 30
Calvin Coolidge, President. 1923-1929. First radio broadcast by US President. December 6
The first issue of Time Magazine is published. March 2
The “Hollywood” sign in Los Angeles is installed; it originally reads “Hollywoodland”
Transcontinental Airmail service begins
Insulin for the treatment of diabetes becomes generally available
An 7.9 magnitude earthquake in Japan kills 142,000 people. September 1
Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio founded. October 16
Soldier Field football stadium constructed (originally named Municipal Grant Park Stadium). Official opening day, October 9, 1924.
The 4 separate "L" train companies consolidate under the Chicago Rapid Transit Company (CRT), and become divisions within the company: South Side, North Side, Metropolitan, Lake Street and Loop.
Route 66 established. November 11, 1926
Chicago Blackhawks hockey team founded. 1926
The Oriental Theater on State Street was built. 1926
The east-west portion of upper and lower Wacker Drive is completed, and named after Charles Wacker, Chairman of the Chicago Plan Commission. October 1926
All Nations Pentacostal Church on 3716 Langley Ave. was the first church in Chicago built by a woman pastor, Elder Lucy Smith. December
Charles Lindberg and "The Spirit of St. Louis," is the first trans-atlantic flight. New York to Paris, May 20-21, 1927.
The Stevens Hotel (now the Chicago Hilton and Towers) opens. 1927
Clarence Buckingham Memorial Fountain is dedicated in Grant Park, August 26, 1927
The Bowman and Spearman bronze statues of Indians on horseback by Ivan Mestrovic are installed in Grant Park
St. Valentines Day Massacre, February 14, 1929. 7 dead.
The Graf Zeppelin, piloted by Hugo Eckener flew over Chicago as part of a round the world voyage. August 28, 1929
Stock Market Crash. October 29, 1929
Great Depression 1929-1939
William Hale Thompson, mayor 1927-1931
Herbert Hoover, President. 1929-1933
The Merchandise Mart is completed. When it opens on May 5, 1930 it is the largest building in the world with more than 4 Million square feet of floor space.
Chicago population approximately 3.4 million.
First Mickey Mouse comic strip. January 13
Pluto is determined to be the 9th planet (designated junior planet in 2006)
Mahatma Ganhdi goes on a 200 mile protest, the Salt March. March 12-April 5
BBC Radio reports today “There is no news.” April 18
National Pan-Hellenic Council is founded in Washington DC. May 10
US Department of Veteran Affairs established. July 21
Jane Addams wins the Nobel Peace Prize
Anton Joseph Cermak, mayor 1931-1933
Comic strip character Dick Tracy created by artist Chester Gould, based on the gangster era. October 4, 1931
Al Capone sentenced to prison, October 17, 1931
Babe Ruth hits the famed "called shot" home run at Wrigley Field. 1932.
Amelia Earhart is the second person to fly solo across the Atlantic.
Chicago Mayor Anton Cermak is shot and killed in Miami as a result of a failed assassination attempt on the life of President-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt.February 15, 1933
Chicago host the World's Fair, The Century of Progress, summers 1933 and 1934
Italian aviator, Italo Balbo and a squadron of seaplanes arrive at the World Fair in Chicago. July 15, 1933
Great Depression/US Economy in 1933: Half of US banks failed, unemployment 30%, stocks were at 20% of value.
Prohibition is repealed December 5, 1933
Frank J. Corr, mayor 1933
Edward J. Kelly, mayor 1933
Franklin D. Roosevelt, President 1933-1945
Union Stockyards fire, 80 acres burned near Halsted between 41st and 42nd street, the second largest fire in Chicago history. May 19
The "Century of Progress" World Fair 1933 makes an encore performance. Summer of 1934
John Dillinger is shot by the FBI in an alley next to the Biograph Theater, July 22
The New International Amphitheater opens, replacing the building lost in the Stockyards Fire in May. December 1
Jay Berwanger, Halfback from the University of Chicago Maroons football, won the first Heisman Trophy
Monopoly board game by Parker Brothers goes on sale. February 6
Persia is renamed Iran. March 21
The Dust Bowl era in the western United States
The Works Progress Administration (WPA) is created. May 6
Alcoholics Anonymous is founded in Akron, Ohio. June 10
The Leo Burnett advertising agency is established in Chicago. August 5
First car to drive 300 miles per hour, Utah Salt Flats. September 3
Nuremberg Laws revoke citizenship of Jews in Germany. September 15
Dedication of the Hoover Dam. September 30
The Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) is created. November 8
Frank Lloyd Wright’s, Falling Water house is completed
A second effort to rename duplicate streets having the same name is initiated.
Jesse Owens wins the 100 meter dash Olympic gold medal in Berlin. August 3
King Edward VIII abdicates the English throne. December 11
Wrigley Field bleachers and scoreboard constructed. 1937.
The Republic Steel Strike. 1937.
Hindenberg disaster. May 6, 1937
Amelia Earhart's plane disappears over the Pacific Ocean. July 2, 1937.
Construction of the State Street subway began, 1938. Federal funding for this public works project was granted in 1937 by President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Chicago Cubs won the National League Pennant.
Europe enters World War II. September 1, 1939
University of Chicago discontinues its Football program. 1939.
Chicago population approximately 3.4 million.
The United States enters WWII after the bombing of Pearl Harbor December 7, 1941
Enrico Fermi produces the first self-sustained nuclear reaction in his lab under Stagg Field on the University of Chicago campus, December 2, 1942.
Foote Cone and Belding (FCB) advertising agency established, succeeding the former Lord & Thompson agency.
Chicago-style deep dish pizza is introduced at Pizzeria Uno
Muddy Waters, famed blues musician, moves to Chicago from Mississippi
The State Street subway tunnel is completed. October, 1943
Paul Harvey began broadcasting in Chicago. 1944
Franklin D. Roosevelt dies in office
Harry Truman, President. 1945-1953
Roosevelt University is founded and renamed (original name Thomas Jefferson)
Ebony Magazine is established by John H. Johnson, the beginning of the Johnson Publishing empire.
World War II ends. Europe, May 7, 1945. Japan, September 2, 1945
Orchard Field (later renamed O'Hare Airport) opens 1945
Conrad Hilton buys the Stevens Hotel and the Palmer House Hotel
Mother Frances Cabrini canonized in Rome, July 6, 1946. Mass held at Soldier Field, Chicago. First naturalized American citizen to become a Catholic Saint. Patron saint of immigrants and hospital administrators.
Cold War begins with Soviet Union
The Magnificent Mile is coined and used to describe North Michigan Avenue
Kukla, Fran, and Ollie television show (1947-1979) by Chicagoan, Burr Tilstrom, debuts on WBKB-Chicago.
The Chicago Transit Authority (CTA) is created and replaces the Chicago Rapid Transit Company (CRT). 1947
Chicago's airport renamed after Edward "Butch" O'Hare, a WWII pilot and Medal of Honor recipient from Chicago.
Korean War begins. 1950-1953
Chicago population 1950 Census = 3.6 million
The Edens Expressway opens
The Dearborn Street subway tunnel opens. 1951
Korean War ends
Dwight D. Eisenhower, President 1953-1961
Richard J. Daley, mayor 1955-1976
First Ann Landers column by Eppie Lederer
O'Hare International Airport officially opens to commercial flights
The Prudential building is the first Chicago building granted air rights by the Illinois Central Railroad
Port of Chicago constructed
The Second City, sketch improv comedy, opens
The Pan-American Games were held in Chicago. Swimming pool in Portage Park
Queen Elizabeth II visit Chicago on US & Canada trip to commemorate opening of St. Lawrence Seaway
Chicago population approximately 3.5 million.
John F. Kennedy, President 1961-1963
United States begins running combat missions in Vietnam, January 1962
Cuban Missile Crisis
Martin Luther King's "I Have a Dream" speech at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington D.C., August 28, 1963.
President John F. Kennedy is assassinated. November 1963
Lyndon Johnson, President 1963-1969
Inaugural Chicago International Film Festival. 1964
Lincoln Park, Farm in the Zoo opened.
Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) announce the Chicago as the northern city for the civil rights campaign.
Construction on the John Hancock Center begins. 1965
Miss (Jane) Goodall and the Wild Chimpanzees was first broadcast on American television. December 22, 1965
Martin Luther King and his family move into an apartment in Chicago's North Lawndale neighborhood to support the Chicago Freedom Movement civil rights campaign.
Freedom Rally at Soldier Field by Martin Luther King, Jr. July 10, 1966
Illinois Supreme Court case establishing air rights to the Ilinois Central Railroad
The original McCormick Place Convention Center (built 1960) burns to the ground, January 26, 1967.
Vietnam War protests in Washington DC, New York, and San Francisco. April 1967.
Marina City building completed. Architect, Bertrand Goldberg
The Tet Offensive in Vietnam. January 1968
Anti-Vietnam War protests on college campuses across the US.
Senator Robert Kennedy enters race for Democratic Party nomination. March 16, 1968. He is killed in Los Angeles, June 5, 1968
The Gold Standard repealed for US currency. March 18, 1968
Martin Luther King, Jr. killed in Memphis. April 4, 1968
Civil Rights Act signed into law April 11, 1968
Democratic National Convention in Chicago. Anti-war protesters vs police clash. August 22-30, 1968
Apollo 7 launched by NASA to be first televised television broadcast from orbit
Yale University announces it will begin to admit women. November 14, 1968
The first International Special Olympics Games was held at Soldier Field.
Lake Point Tower construction completed. 1968
John Hancock building completed
Architect, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe dies, Age 83.
Richard Nixon, President. 1969-1974
The John Hancock building opens
Construction begins on the Sears Tower. By structural engineer Fazlur Khan.
Chicago population 3.4 million.
The Kent State shooting of student Vietnam War protestors. May 3, 1970
Ernie Banks 500th home run. May 12, 1970, at Wrigley Field
The Chicago Bears Football Team plays its first home game at Soldier Field and defeats the Pittsburgh Steelers. September 19, 1971.
The new McCormick Place Convention Center is completed (1967 fire destroyed the original building)
Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME) introduces futures trading. 1972.
The Standard Oil Building (Aon Center) is completed
The Lakefront Protection Ordinance was signed into law. Declaration that the Chicago lakefront is to be "forever open, clear and free" dates back to 1836 or earlier.
The Sears Tower is completed making it the tallest building in the world
Ths Sears Tower Skydeck is opened to the public
President Nixon resigns. August
Gerald Ford, President. 1974-1977
United States completes withdrawal from Vietnam. April 30, 1975
Water Tower Place skyscraper completed in Chicago. 1975
Michael A. Bilandic, mayor 1976-1979
Jimmy Carter, President. 1977-1981
Historic Landmark designation for The Fine Arts Building July 7, 1978
Jane Byrne, mayor 1979-1983
Pope John Paul II gave a public mass in Grant Park. An estimated 1.5 million people attended.
Chicago population approximately 3 million.
Pullman Company closes permanently
Taste of Chicago launched in Grant Park after the successful inital one-day event held the previous year.
Ronald Regan, President. 1981-1989
Harold Washington, mayor 1983-1987
Broadcast towers are added to the top of the Sears Tower
Chicago ordinance standardizing honorary street designations
Chicago Hilton and Towers Hotel reopens after $185 Million renovation completed. October 1, 1985.
Chicago Bears win Superbowl XX in 1986
Completion of Lake Shore Drive S-curve reconstruction 1982-1986
Mayor Harold Washington dies in office 1987
David Duvall Orr, mayor 1987
Eugene Sawyer, mayor 1987-1989
Chicago Teachers Strike for 4 weeks
Wrigley Field's first night game. August 8, 1988.
Richard M. Daley, mayor 1989-2011
George H. W. Bush, President. 1989-1993
1990s CME and CBOT begin to use computers for high speed trading.
Judd Goldman Adaptive Sailing Program in Burnham Harbor
Chicago population approximately 2.8 million.
1991 Gulf War, Iraq
Chicago Bulls Basketball wins the first of 3 consecutive championships 1991-1993
The Great Chicago Flood. New pilings for the Kinzie Street bridge caused the Chicago River to flood into basements all through the Loop. April 13, 1992
The Robert Redford directed film starring Brad Pitt, "A River Runs Through It" is released. Roger Ebert gave it 3 1/2 stars, out of 4 (thumbs up).
Chicago Bulls Basketball wins the second of 3 consecutive championships 1991-1993
The three-peat. Chicago Bulls Basketball wins the third of 3 consecutive championships 1991-1993
Bill Clinton, President. 1993-2001
Chicago Bulls Basketball wins the first of 3 more consecutive championships 1996-1998
Dolly the Sheep was the first cloned mammal.
Chicago Bulls Basketball wins the second of 3 more consecutive championships 1996-1998
The repeat of the three-peat. The Chicago Bulls Basketball wins the first of 3 more consecutive championships 1996-1998.
Chicago population approximately 2.9 million.
September 11th, 2001 World Trade Center attack
War in Afghanistan
George W. Bush, President. 2001-2009
Completion of the modernized Soldier Field stadium
Millennium Park opens, July 16, 2004
Chicago Merchantile Exchange (CME) and Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT) partially combine to fend off competition
A monument to the firefighters lost in the 1910 Stockyard Fire is dedicated at Exchange Avenue and Peoria Street.
Chicago White Sox win the World Series. 2005
Barack Obama, President 2009-2017
The Sears Tower is renamed Willis Tower
The Aqua building completed. by Studio Gang
Trump tower building completed
Chicago Blackhawks hockey team wins the Stanley Cup. 2010.
Chicago population approximately 2.7 million.
Rahm Emanuel, mayor 2011
Chicago Blackhawks hockey team wins the Stanley Cup for the 3rd time in 5 years.
Maggie Daley Park officially dedicated
Cubs win the World Series after 108 year losing streak
Chicago population approximately 2.7 million
More than half of the US states have legalized medical cannabis
Donald Trump, President 2017-
Total solar eclipse passes across the United States
North and South Korea walked together in the Winter Olympic Games 2018 in Peyongchang, South Korea
Portion of East Congress Parkway is renamed for civil rights activist and investigative journalist Ida B. Wells
SpaceX launches a Tesla electric car into space on the Falcon Heavy spacecraft headed for Mars.
Hawaii’s Mount Kilauea erupts
Prince Harry and Meghan Markle wedding
Sources: Chicago Public Library, Encyclopedia of Chicago
WBEZ (ret. May 28, 2017)
History of Illinois (ret. May 28, 2017)
Haymarket and May Day, Encyclopedia of Chicago (ret. May 28, 2017)
Labor Day, Brittanica (ret. May 28, 2017)
Stock Market Crash, History.com (ret. May 28, 2017)
Prohibition, Encyclopedia of Chicago (ret. May 28, 2017)
Lager Beer Riot, Encyclopedia of Chicago (ret. May 28, 2017)
Frances Xavier Cabrini. Wikipedia (Ret. May 28, 2017)
Chicago Mayors, Chicago Public Library (Ret, May 28, 2017)
Red Summer, Brittanica (Ret. May 28, 2017)
Map of the Northwest Territory, Encyclopedia of Chicago (Ret. June 5, 2017)
Illinois Michigan Canal, Encyclopedia of Chicago (Ret. June 5, 2017)
The General Time Convention, The Midwest Railway Historical Society November 18, 1971
Three-peat Champions, Sports Illustrated. August 1, 2016
PeyongChang2018, Olympic Committee (ret. February 25, 2018)
Chicago. History.com (ret. March 23, 2018)
Chicago History Timeline, Chicago Public Library (ret. March 23, 2018)
History of Chicago Parks, Chicago Park District (ret. March 23, 2018)